or easier than tying your shoelaces
Most of you know ActivePerl, the commercial Perl distribution provided to the community for free by ActiveState. In the beginning, ActivePerl did not bundle a C compiler. As Windows does not include a compiler, much of the CPAN was inaccessible to Windows users—any dependency on an XS module would fail. ActiveState instead provided a repository of binary PPM packages so that users could avoid the need to install and configure a C compiler.
So began a rumor, and so the rumor became lore, that "ActivePerl Does Not Do CPAN."
As wrong as that preconception had been (and a clever hacker could use MSVC or MinGW with ActivePerl), that rumor became even more wrong on 26 August 2009, when ActiveState delivered Perl 5.10.1 with a bundled C compiler. Even though Windows does not support all POSIX features, using CPAN with ActivePerl on Windows is almost as nice as using CPAN on a Unix-like system:
- Download and install ActivePerl (5.12.4 and 5.14.1 are available at the time of this writing) with the default options
- Open a command line window ( Start > Run > cmd )
That's it. That's only one extra step over running on Linux. For proof,
here's the output of my first run of the
cpan command (edited for
brevity) and an installation of local::lib and cpanminus (yes, they
D:\>cpan It looks like you don't have a C compiler and make utility installed. Trying to install dmake and the MinGW gcc compiler using the Perl Package Manager. This may take a a few minutes... Downloading MinGW-220.127.116.11...done Downloading dmake-4.11.20080107...done Unpacking MinGW-18.104.22.168...done Unpacking dmake-4.11.20080107...done Generating HTML for MinGW-22.214.171.124...done Generating HTML for dmake-4.11.20080107...done Updating files in site area...done 1070 files installed Please use the `dmake` program to run commands from a Makefile! cpan shell -- CPAN exploration and modules installation (v1.9600) Enter 'h' for help. cpan> install local::lib Fetching with LWP: ... Running install for module 'local::lib' Running make for A/AP/APEIRON/local-lib-1.008004.tar.gz Fetching with LWP: http://ppm.activestate.com/CPAN/authors/id/A/AP/APEIRON/local-lib-1.008004.tar.gz Fetching with LWP: http://ppm.activestate.com/CPAN/authors/id/A/AP/APEIRON/CHECKSUMS Checksum for C:\Perl14\cpan\sources\authors\id\A\AP\APEIRON\local-lib-1.008004.tar.gz ok ... CPAN.pm: Going to build A/AP/APEIRON/local-lib-1.008004.tar.gz *** Module::AutoInstall version 1.03 *** Checking for Perl dependencies... *** Since we're running under CPAN, I'll just let it take care of the dependency's installation later. [Core Features] - ExtUtils::MakeMaker ...loaded. (6.57_05 >= 6.31) - ExtUtils::Install ...loaded. (1.56 >= 1.43) - Module::Build ...loaded. (0.38 >= 0.36) - CPAN ...loaded. (1.9600 >= 1.82) *** Module::AutoInstall configuration finished. Checking if your kit is complete... Looks good Writing Makefile for local::lib ... Running make test All tests successful. Files=7, Tests=29, 1 wallclock secs ( 0.06 usr + 0.08 sys = 0.14 CPU) Result: PASS APEIRON/local-lib-1.008004.tar.gz C:\Perl14\site\bin\dmake.exe test -- OK Running make install ... cpan> install App::cpanminus Running install for module 'App::cpanminus' Running make for M/MI/MIYAGAWA/App-cpanminus-1.4008.tar.gz ... Running make test All tests successful. Files=1, Tests=1, 0 wallclock secs ( 0.03 usr + 0.03 sys = 0.06 CPU) Result: PASS MIYAGAWA/App-cpanminus-1.4008.tar.gz C:\Perl14\site\bin\dmake.exe test -- OK Running make install ... cpan> exit Lockfile removed. D:\>cpanm Usage: cpanm [options] Module [...] Try `cpanm --help` or `man cpanm` for more options. D:\>