This Fortnight on p5p 2000/12/31



Notes

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Allow me to apologize for there being no service last week, as I was traveling hither and thither for New Year's festivities. This is another special bumper edition covering last week and the week before.

Fix for gv_handler segfault

Lupe Christoph found an ugly bug uncovered by Ilya's recent object destruction speedup patch: Basically, we had called a function ( mg_find) on a stash before actually making sure that the stash existed, causing a segfault. Lupe added a sanity check to the handler function and mg_find, just to be on the safe side.

rsync needs occasional delete

Lupe also got bitten by a problem that could affect some of you if you're following the rsync mainline: Rsync won't, by default, delete files that have been deleted from the repository. This caused strange test failures, because the test that was failing doesn't exist any more ... . He passes on these words of wisdom:

Note that this will not delete any files that were in '.' before the rsync. Once you are sure that the rsync is running correctly, run it with the --delete and the --dry-run options like this:

# rsync -avz --delete --dry-run rsync://ftp.linux.activestate.com/perl-current/ .

This will simulate an rsync run that also deletes files not present in the bleadperl master copy. Observe the results from this run closely. If you are sure that the actual run would delete no files precious to you, you could remove the '--dry-run' option.

Outstanding Unicode fix

This sneaked in just as I was writing the previous summary: INABA Hiroto came up with a 48k patch that fixed a few Unicode bugs. He also added a pragma unicode::distinct, which makes a Unicode-encoded string never equal to a nonencoded string. That's to say, if we have:

    $a = chr(50).chr(400); # Needs to be UTF8-encoded, because of chr(400)
    chop($a);              # Now we have chr(50), but it's still encoded.
    $b = chr(50)           # This isn't UTF8-encoded

Under normal circumstances, $a eq $b. This is what we expect, because they represent the same character. But under unicode::distinct, they won't be equal because they are represented differently.

He also fixed a few other issues I should have been looking at, like Unicode tr///.

New Solaris hints file

Lupe Christoph (again; busy man) attempted to update the Solaris hints file; it looked pretty good, but produced weird errors (No, Solaris machines are not EBCDIC. Or at least, not normally.) that were traced to a problem with Configure calling another shell file to get more information (a "call back unit") but then getting confused as to where the source directory is. Robin Barker also found a similar problem when Configure sets $src using a relative path instead of an absolute one. The problem was eventually hunted down and shot, and the new hints file is now working properly.

Jarkko also re-wrote the DEC OSF hints file.

Lots of lvalue hackery

I got into a very strange mood and started looking at lvalue subroutines. These are things that allow you to return a variable or something modifiable from a subroutine, like this:

 $a = 20;
 sub foo :lvalue { $a }
 foo() = 30; # Now $a is 30

The first problem was that this didn't extend to AUTOLOAD, meaning you couldn't say

 sub AUTOLOAD : lvalue { ${$AUTOLOAD} }
 foo() = 20;

and have it set $foo. Perhaps that was meant to be a feature, but it was fixed anyway. Of course, the natural extension to that would be to let subs be called without the brackets, like this:

 foo = 20;

(Bare words in lvalue context are now interpreted as either subs or filehandles, depending on what you have declared or open.)

Unfortunately, you can't return arrays, hashes or slices of arrays or hashes. This is where the trouble started. The problem is that you need to be able to tell, for instance, that the operator that returns an array that you actually do want the array itself, rather than a list of its elements. Look at this:

 @a = @b;

Here, @a is being modified, and so the actual AV is put onto the stack. But in the case of @b, the list of its elements is put on the stack. The difference is that the op for @a knows it's being modified, and the one for @b doesn't.

Back to lvalue subs - we've got an operator in a subroutine that is going to be modified, so it needs to return the AV (the container) instead of the values. But which one?

There's nothing about an op that signifies that it's going to be used as a return value, so we don't know which op we need to tell that it's being modified. I had a go at a cheap way of doing it, but Stephen McCamant eventually persuaded me that it didn't really work, and he's now working on his own way of doing it, which looks quite nice. There followed a debate about what you ought to be able to return from an lvalue subroutine (Does shift constitute a modifiable value?) that is still going on. Read about it.

Stephen McCamant and Doug MacEachern week

The second week of the report, the first week in January, was dominated by a lot of good stuff from Stephen and Doug. As well as picking up where I left off on lvalue subroutines, Stephen identified a problem with tests depending on modules that might not have been built, (which must be a tricky area, because three people tried to patch it and only one succeeeded ... ) and then came out with some really solid patches. He fixed a couple of problems with B::Deparse and also Perl's handling of continue blocks, and then a problem with all global variables looking like they'd been declared with our. (This is quite a complex one, so if you're interested, read the patch description.) To cap it all, he produced a useful tool that he believes is a replacement for B::Terse; it's called B::Concise and it allows you to control the output format through a pattern language, and you can get it from http://csua.berkeley.edu/~smcc/Concise.pm.

Not to be outdone, Doug noticed a conflict between two system header files, which could well be Linux being sloppy, and a conflict between PerlIO and stdio; he then patched the default XS typemap to use Perl_croak instead of the older, deprecated croak, tried to fix XSUBs to be declared static (but Nick I-S pointed out that wouldn't fly) but plumped for giving them an additional prototype to help with compiler warnings, and added a nice shortcut to the XS build process so you can say

 make MyModule.i

and get a pre-processed version of the C file. He also fixed some prototypes, and finished the week with a stroke of pure genius, allowing AUTOLOAD to be an XSUB.

Things to investigate

Here are some things that out-of-work porters can investigate: (in fact, it would be really nice if everyone who submitted bug reports got some kind of feedback from a human being, so if you see something that hasn't been dealt with, why not look into it?)

This bug appears to require a strange set of conditions, but generates a segfault; perhaps someone could find out where it's segfaulting, try and narrow down the problem, and report back.

A bizarre one from torsten@sotlx2.sot.de: "When descending into a Joliet filesystem Find stops after the first level. Rockridge or ISO CDs are ok." (That's bug ID 20010103.001, if you're thinking of fixing it.)

For the scary and godlike, here's a B::C bug for you to chew on. Enjoy.

Various

There is little else to report this week; a couple of reports of bugs fixed in the latest snapshots - if you're reporting a bug, could you please try it out in at least 5.7.0, if not more freqent snapshots, because we could already have fixed it. In the second week, there were many little patches that didn't generate any discussion but were still good to see. Only four new IV-preservation bugs this time.

Some spam, many test results (Thanks, Alan!) and a couple of nonbugs.

Until next week I remain, your humble and obedient servant,


Simon Cozens
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